How Does Clinical Psychology Benefit Society?
- Sabrina Sarro
The work of a clinical psychologist – A clinical psychologist works with people experiencing a range of difficulties that can occur at any time in their lives. This means they work with children, young people, adults and older adults. They work with people who may be experiencing mental health, physical health or disability difficulties. These difficulties can relate to problems with:
emotions relationships adverse life events behaviour offending unusual experiences drugs and/ or alcohol use
They aim to reduce psychological distress and promote psychological well-being. Clinical psychologists also provide consultation, training and supervision to other professionals and other agencies. Clinical psychologists are not medical doctors and will not prescribe medication.
anxiety depression serious and enduring mental illness adjustment to physical illness neurological disorders addictive behaviours childhood developmental and behaviour disorders personal and family relationship problems
The work involves interaction with, and receiving referrals from, a wide range of other professionals, including doctors, nurses, social workers and occupational therapists. Most clinical psychologists work in Health and Social Care, but some do work privately and in other agencies. To assess a client, a clinical psychologist may do a clinical assessment using a variety of methods, including:
psychometric tests interviews direct observation of behaviour
Assessment may lead to psychological therapy. A significant part of the clinical psychologist’s role is to provide consultation, advice and supervision for other professionals involved in the care or treatment of an individual.
- 0.1 What is the advantage of clinical psychology?
- 1 Why does everyone want to be a clinical psychologist?
- 2 What is the role of clinical psychology in world?
- 3 What is the best example of clinical psychology?
- 4 What are the most important values and goals of community psychology?
- 5 What should be the most important qualities of a clinical psychologist?
- 6 What is the difference between a clinical psychologist and a psychologist?
- 7 Why do some people want to study psychology?
- 8 What are the advantages of clinical method?
- 9 What makes clinical psychology different?
What is the advantage of clinical psychology?
Why see a Clinical Psychologist — Peterkin Psychology Clinical Psychologists have, as a minimum, completed an undergraduate degree in Psychology, gained experience within the field of mental health, and completed a 3 year doctoral training programme.
Clinical Psychologists are trained in a variety of psychological models, trained to assess and support a range of mental health difficulties, and supervised to refine clinical practice across a range of client groups and therapies. Clinical Psychologists draw on therapeutic approaches with clear theoretical underpinnings and a research evidence base.
They are trained to make use of current research findings and NICE guidance (National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence) to inform individualised treatment plans. Clinical Psychologists are able to draw on:
Comprehensive assessment skills and tools for a wide range of emotional and mental health difficulties An excellent understanding of developmental, psychological, systemic and attachment theories of human behaviour and well-being A range of evidence-based therapeutic approaches to suit individual presentations and treatment goals
: Why see a Clinical Psychologist — Peterkin Psychology
What is the impact of clinical psychology?
Adventures of Clinical Psychology
Clinical psychology strives to fully grasp the person in his totality and in his individuality, helping him adequately address his own deep internal suffering and discomfort, social uneasiness, and harmonize his own needs, desires and, attachments. The practical effects of clinical psychology are to face adaptation problems and behaviour disorders in view of research, prevention, and psychological evaluation, and with the purpose of contributing to a proper psychotherapeutic intervention for the different forms of psychopathology.From this perspective, this branch of psychology is strongly involved in processes of health promotion and in care systems, and the psychological dimension transversally permeates the entire healthcare activity.
Clinical psychology operates through the identification of risk and protective factors and contributes to the creation of treatment plans to promote the development and the balance of the person. To this end, in the various fields of intervention, clinical psychology concerns itself with ensuring that the clinical response of the care system takes into account both the physical and psychological distress of the individual and the family context, as well as the relational and social dimension, promoting an affective summary between a precision medicine approach and a global care scheme for the patient.
Eating disorders (ED) are increasingly common conditions that are often overlooked, they are related to complex and damaging relationships with food and body image, and they are associated with serious health consequences. Studies about eating disorders represent an important field of research in clinical psychology.
Rogowska et al., in their study, aim to develop a new self-report questionnaire for the diagnosis of orthorexia nervosa. To this purpose, a total sample of 767 individuals were assessed by a 40-items questionnaire choosing to analyse a current review of the scientific literature.
- After a structural analysis, the number of items was reduced from 40 to 17 (TON-17), including three subscale factors (Control of food quality, Fixation of health and healthy diet, and Disorder symptoms) in a hierarchical, bi-factor structure.
- The study demonstrates that the TON-17 scale has good psychometric properties, stability, reliability, and construct validity, and therefore it could become a promising tool for assessing the risk of orthorexia nervosa,
The assessment of patients with neuropsychological disorders includes an evaluation of possible comorbidities that can increase the complexity of the disorder. Pruccoli investigates the impact of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) traits, evaluated through the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Second Edition (ADOS-2) and the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), on the treatment intensity and outcomes in a group of adolescents hospitalised with Anorexia Nervosa.
Their preliminary results evidenced that ASD traits were not significantly related to the treatment intensity or to the treatment outcomes; in fact, the treatment intensity and psychopathological outcomes were not different in patients with and without ASD diagnostic tests, Mental pain (MP) is a subjective state of intense psychological distress related to several uncomfortable emotions, such as guilt, anguish, fear, panic, angst, loneliness, and helplessness, often associated with several psychopathological conditions, especially mood and anxiety disorders, personality disorders, and emotion dysregulation.
Tomba et al., in their study, explore the presence of MP in patients with eating disorders, assessing 71 patients with MP and 90 matched controls. Patients with eating disorders show a significantly greater intensity and the most frequent cases of MP, and moreover MP is associated with disinhibited eating behavioural aspects and a depressive symptomatology, especially with suicidal tendencies, general and somatic anxiety, and insomnia.
- Therefore, the authors conclude that MP could become an important clinical marker for discriminating more severe cases of eating disorders,
- Other factors influencing the phenomenology of eating disorders are irrational beliefs that are maladaptive cognitions about negative global evaluations of the self and others, awfulizing thoughts, low frustration tolerance beliefs, and demandingness.
Tecuta et al., in their study, assessed 79 ED outpatients and 95 controls and demonstrated through a multivariate analysis of variance with post hoc comparisons that ED outpatients had greater awfulizing, more negative global evaluations, and a lower frustration tolerance than controls.
- The study provides experimental support for the hypothesis that feelings of inefficacy represent a core role in clinical models of EDs, and their evaluation is useful when assessing ED patients and planning cognitive–behavioral treatments,
- Another relevant topic raised in the Special Issue is the role of major adverse events in psychological well-being.
In their research, Krok et al. evaluated a sample of 225 healthcare workers, analysing the connection between stress, meaning making, the risk of contracting COVID-19, self-efficacy, meaning in life, and subjective well-being. A higher self-efficacy and meaning in life were linked to higher cognitive and affective dimensions of subjective well-being.
- On the contrary, a reduced risk of contracting COVID-19 was associated with a higher affective dimension.
- The authors’ results demonstrate that workers’ subjective well-being is highly related to the risk level of contracting COVID-19 and motivational factors, and therefore psychological interventions promoting adaptive forms of meaning making may be decisive in overcoming the anxiety over COVID-19 and improving the subjective well-being among healthcare personnel,
Similarly, Barone et al. evaluated the emotional concerns and psychological difficulties in a clinical sample of 40 young cancer survivors, assessing the self- and parent-reported emotional, somatic, and behavioral symptoms. Their data establish that a higher proportion of young survivors compared to controls had emotional distress and that the anxious symptom severity was significantly higher.
The multi-informant assessments of the psychological profiles revealed that the survivors’ self-reports of depressive symptoms, somatic symptoms, and functional impairment were significantly related to the parent reports of child behavioral concerns, somatic complaints, and functional impairment, San Martín–Valenzuela, in their interesting cross-sectional study on cognitive and motor differences in cirrhotic patients with and without minimal hepatic encephalopathy, evaluated gait, balance, hand strength motor speed, and cognitive performances in 76 patients with liver cirrhosis.
Patients with minimal hepatic encephalopathy performed worse than patients without minimal hepatic encephalopathy both in motor performances (especially gait, centre of pressure movement, variability of hand strength performance, and hand motor speed) and in cognitive and autonomous functioning.
- Moreover, some motor variables are intimately related to cognitive aspects, and this association is absent in patients without minimal hepatic encephalopathy,
- Ramiro-Cortijo et al., in their observational study, evaluated the impact of psychological health during pregnancy on maternal and neonatal outcomes.
The authors, assessing 131 healthy pregnant women, found that maternal depression was associated with leukocytes, cholesterol, and pregnancy concerns, maternal resilience was associated with leukocytes and life satisfaction, and maternal optimism was associated with polyphenol levels and life satisfaction.
Birth weight was associated with maternal resilience, red blood cells, and life satisfaction. The study results underlined the importance of considering preventive psychological health policies in the obstetric field, Another field of interest is the impact of digital technologies on psychological well-being.
Miceli et al. assessed 186 social networking site users in their cross-sectional study to verify if time perspective and attentional style could be related to social network addiction. Internal attentional style represents a key factor in controlling the association between high levels of time perspective and a high level of social network addiction.
- Social network-addicted users appear to be oriented toward internal stimuli like intrusive thoughts or feelings, and therefore social network addiction is similar to obsessive compulsive disorders, depression, or anxiety,
- In conclusion, the Special Issue “Feature Papers in Clinical Psychology” represents an interesting collection of papers that may improve knowledge about several application areas of Clinical Psychology, providing some answers and opening several new questions that future studies will clarify.
The need for a comprehensive psychological evaluation should be definitely considered as an essential element of any clinical assessment. This research received no external funding. The author declares no conflict of interests. Publisher’s Note: MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.1.
- Rogowska A.M., Kwaśnicka A., Ochnik D.
- Development and Validation of the Test of Orthorexia Nervosa (TON-17) J. Clin.
- Med.2021; 10 :1637.
- Doi: 10.3390/jcm10081637.2.
- Pruccoli J., Rosa S., Cesaroni C.A., Malaspina E., Parmeggiani A.
- Association among Autistic Traits, Treatment Intensity and Outcomes in Adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa: Preliminary Results.J.
Clin. Med.2021; 10 :3605. doi: 10.3390/jcm10163605.3. Tomba E., Tecuta L., Gardini V., Lo Dato E. Mental Pain in Eating Disorders: An Exploratory Controlled Study.J. Clin. Med.2021; 10 :3584. doi: 10.3390/jcm10163584.4. Tecuta L., Gardini V., Schumann R., Ballardini D., Tomba E.
Irrational Beliefs and Their Role in Specific and Non-Specific Eating Disorder Symptomatology and Cognitive Reappraisal in Eating Disorders.J. Clin. Med.2021; 10 :3525. doi: 10.3390/jcm10163525.5. Krok D., Zarzycka B., Telka E. Risk of Contracting COVID-19, Personal Resources and Subjective Well-Being among Healthcare Workers: The Mediating Role of Stress and Meaning-Making.J.
Clin. Med.2021; 10 :132. doi: 10.3390/jcm10010132.6. Barone R., Gulisano M., Cannata E., Padalino S., Saia F., Maugeri N., Pettinato F., Lo Nigro L., Casabona A., Russo G., et al. Self- and Parent-Reported Psychological Symptoms in Young Cancer Survivors and Control Peers: Results from a Clinical Center.J.
Clin. Med.2020; 9 :3444. doi: 10.3390/jcm9113444.7. San Martín-Valenzuela C., Borras-Barrachina A., Gallego J.-J., Urios A., Mestre-Salvador V., Correa-Ghisays P., Ballester M.-P., Escudero-García D., Tosca J., Montón C., et al. Motor and Cognitive Performance in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis with Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy.J.
Clin. Med.2020; 9 :2154. doi: 10.3390/jcm9072154.8. Ramiro-Cortijo D., de la Calle M., Gila-Díaz A., Moreno-Jiménez B., Martin-Cabrejas M.A., Arribas S.M., Garrosa E. Maternal Resources, Pregnancy Concerns, and Biological Factors Associated to Birth Weight and Psychological Health.J.
- Clin. Med.2021; 10 :695.
- Doi: 10.3390/jcm10040695.9.
- Miceli S., Scrima F., Cardaci M., Quatrosi G., Vetri L., Roccella M., Caci B.
- Does Attentional Style Moderate the Relationship between Time Perspective and Social Network Addiction? A Cross-Sectional Study on a Sample of Social Networking Sites Users.J.
Clin. Med.2021; 10 :3983. doi: 10.3390/jcm10173983. : Adventures of Clinical Psychology
What is the importance of psychology to my community?
Compared to Public Health and Counseling – Like public health and mental health counseling, community psychology is also focused on the prevention of problems and the promotion of health and well-being. It also has a very strong research-oriented component.
- Community psychologists often perform original research, develop theoretical frameworks, and then apply this knowledge directly within public and private communities.
- As you can see, community psychology overlaps with a number of other disciplines.
- However, it has its own unique and important contributions to make.
The major goals of this field are to create new ways to empower people within their communities, promote social change and diversity, promote individual and community well-being, and prevent disorder.
Why does everyone want to be a clinical psychologist?
Clinical Psychology is Highly Engaging Work – One reason to become a clinical psychologist is that it can be a stimulating, engaging career. As noted above, clinical psychologists may work in many different settings and with a variety of different populations. For example, they might work in clinics, hospitals, or schools.
They may specialize in working with children, adolescents, or the elderly. It is a job that calls on a variety of skills, including interpersonal communication, analytical skills, research skills, the ability to listen and have empathy, and an interest in human behavior. Of course, this is not a complete list of all the skills you might need or use as a clinical psychologist, but it still illustrates the point that the work is extremely diverse.
As a result, no two days of being a clinical psychologist will be alike. You will have the opportunity every day to work with different people with different problems, and that can make this one of the most interesting and engaging fields of psychology to practice.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of clinical psychology?
The advantages of being a clinical psychologist include that it is more practical, enabling hands-on interactions with patients, but it also has the disadvantages of arguably less intellectual stimulation, as well as increasing risks of harms.
What is the role of clinical psychology in world?
Problems addressed – The specialty of clinical psychology addresses behavioral and mental health issues faced by individuals across the lifespan including:
Adjustment issues and traumatic stress reactions Emotional and psychological problems, including serious mental illness and crisis intervention Interpersonal or social problems and dysfunction Behavioral problems including substance abuse and dependence Intellectual, cognitive, and neurological conditions
What is the best example of clinical psychology?
An example of clinical psychology includes cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). A clinical psychologist uses techniques within the scope of CBT to assess and treat an individual suffering from a mental illness.
How does the science of psychology benefit society and enhance our lives?
The science of psychology benefits society and enhances our lives. Psychologists examine the relationships between brain function and behavior, and the environment and behavior, applying what they learn to illuminate our understanding and improve the world around us.
What is an example of empowerment in community psychology?
Community Empowerment – The concept of community-level empowerment has also received attention from community psychologists. means a community has the resources and talent to manage its affairs, to control and influence relevant groups and forces within and outside the community, and to develop empowered leaders and community organizations.
One example of developing empowered leaders is community members learning to organize so they can take part in improving their communities and take actions toward these improvements. Empowerment may be particularly important for communities rebuilding after trauma, such as survivors of a natural disaster, or for individuals in a war-ravaged country (Anckermann et al., 2005).
Indicators of community empowerment include processes such as collective reflection, social participation, and political discussions, as well as outcomes such as having obtained adequate resources for improving community well-being and social justice (Anckermann et al., 2005). “” by is Community empowerment has played a role in improving the mental healthcare system in the US. In the 1970s-1990s, mental health service user activists fought for greater individual autonomy and patients’ rights. They did so by developing their community and giving opportunities for community members to participate in decision making.
- Additionally, they addressed issues that their community faced.
- For example, they combated unemployment by supporting legislation such as the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which prohibits workplace discrimination (Masterson & Owen, 2006).
- For a number of years, many groups representing different facets of the disability community advocated for the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act, a major piece of civil rights legislation.
This case study places emphasis on mental health/illness. However, the ADA helped all disability groups and individuals with mobility issues were most active in effecting this legislation. Community empowerment works through increasing the community’s influence over the structures and policies that affect the lived experiences of the community and its members.
Increases in influence often occur through partnerships between those in power and other community members. These partnerships may take place in advisory boards, coalitions, or broader community inclusion initiatives (Fawcett et al., 1994). At times, community empowerment may mean that members of the community become empowered with the help of the community leaders and vice versa.
Such “co-empowerment” may be challenging, yet can be very beneficial to communities (Bond & Keys, 1993). by is licensed under the
How have psychologists participated in addressing social issues and change?
Through research, interventions, and advocacy, psychologists have been able to identify the underlying causes of social issues and develop solutions to address them. In this way, psychologists have been able to influence people’s behavior and attitudes in order to promote positive change.
What are the most important values and goals of community psychology?
Amber Kelly and Judah Viola By the end of this chapter, you will be able to:
- Distinguish between various settings where community psychologists often work
- Describe diverse career roles within the field of Community Psychology
- Explore strategies for obtaining employment in the field of Community Psychology
- Understand unique skill sets or competencies used by community psychologists in various settings
Photo by Benny Jackson is licensed under the Unsplash License seek to improve community well-being through a cycle of collaborative planning, action, and research in partnership with local community members. As indicated in the first chapter (Jason et al., 2019), we emphasize exploring issues with a systems lens approach, and focus on prevention and community contexts of behavior. Photo by Kat Yukawa is licensed under the Unsplash License The settings of community psychologists range from academia to, Typically, community psychologists complete graduate work in the field, but that is not required to engage in community work. The work of a community psychologist is dependent on an individual’s interest, training, and experience.
Community psychologists can work as researchers, policy developers, educators, program evaluators, or program coordinators within academic, government and non-profit settings ( SCRA, 2018 ). These are not the only roles and settings of community psychologists and within this chapter, we will explore a diversity of career paths and employment options.
All community psychologists have a passion for specific community needs or topics. What community issues are you most excited about addressing?
What should be the most important qualities of a clinical psychologist?
2. Critical thinking – A person’s critical thinking skills represent their ability to use logic, reason and creativity to resolve problems or find solutions to challenges. Clinical psychologists must possess in-depth knowledge of emotional and behavioral disorders and psychological theories.
What is the difference between a clinical psychologist and a psychologist?
So, what’s the main difference between a clinical psychologist and psychologist? – The key difference between a clinical psychologist and a psychologist is their postgraduate qualifications. A clinical psychologist will have studied a Master’s or Doctorate in Clinical Psychology; whereas a psychologist may have studied one of a number of varying postgraduate degrees, including: Professional Psychology, Educational and Developmental Psychology, Counselling, Neuropsychology, Health Psychology and Criminal Psychology.
- Occasionally, psychologists will have completed an internship after completing their undergraduate degree.
- All of these degrees focus on different parts of psychology, which is mostly evident in their names.
- Clinical Psychology has a more intense focus on assessment and prepares graduates for work with psychiatric patients (as well as more general mental health problems).
Whereas, for example, Educational and Developmental Psychology, focuses on child and adolescent mental health, early intervention and comprehensive cognitive and developmental assessments. While different degrees focus on different areas of psychology, they only form one part of a psychologist’s competencies.
Experienced in the area you’re seeking help for; Kind and warm; And able to reflect a deep understanding of your difficulties
For a full guide on how to find a good psychologist, read blog post How to Find a Good Psychologist in Melbourne,
Why do some people want to study psychology?
Reasons to study psychology – There are many reasons to study psychology, from career prospects to personal interest. Psychology is a fascinating area of study. It will help you understand human behaviour and mental processes and allow you to better understand how we think act and feel.
- If you are considering studying psychology you probably already know what an interesting subject it is to study.
- Our psychology courses look at some of the important questions such as why do people act the way they do? What shapes our personality? How do we learn and change throughout our life? If you are interested in a deeper understanding of the human condition you should consider studying psychology.
This is a good enough reason in itself but there are several other reasons why you should consider a course in psychology.
What are the advantages of clinical method?
Clinical Teaching Methods | Advantages and Benefits | A clinical teaching method involves interpersonal communication among a teacher, a learner, and a learning group. This technique helps in identifying issues and provides knowledge for comprehending and resolving the issues by imparting relevant skills. Read on to understand the various aspects of clinical teaching methods,
What is the advantage of clinical research?
What are the Benefits of a Clinical Trial? –
You may get a new treatment for a disease before it is available to everyone. You play a more active role in your own health care. Researchers may provide you with medical care and more frequent health check-ups as part of your treatment. You may have the chance to help others get a better treatment for their health problems in the future. You may be able to get information about support groups and resources.
What is the advantage of clinical?
The Clinical Advantage program offers companies the means to address cycle time, trial cost, productivity, outsourcing and effectiveness. – Untitled Document KMR’s Cycle Time Program offers a comprehensive solution to selecting the appropriate measures for ongoing performance assessment as well as comparing performance against peers.
- Our solution includes a user-friendly on-line tool as well as a custom evaluation of your company’s performance on an annual basis.
- Use Cycle Time Metrix to benchmark your company’s clinical trial performance against the industry, set realistic performance targets, improve overall clinical trial planning, and identify ways to reduce cost through shorter, more effective clinical trials.
Clinical Trial Cost Program offers a comprehensive assessment and baseline for how much any given clinical trial costs which can inform portfolio decisions and trial planning. It provides companies with a reliable and transparent comparative assessment of trial cost as well as myriad ways to evaluate cost such as cost per trial, cost per patient and cost per site.
- There is also a powerful online application.
- Clinical Productivity Study Clinical development productivity remains a key topic for the biopharmaceutical R&D industry, and a range of new opportunities hold the promise to be important improvement levers in this regard.
- This study benchmarks each company’s productivity ranking, explores why some companies are more productive than others and identifies key drivers that matter most in influencing productivity, e.g., outsourcing, emerging markets, risk based monitoring.
Find out where your company stands on this important topic. Outsourcing Performance which includes a study to evaluate the impact of CRO performance on a given company’s overall cycle times and the key drivers that contribute to this; a companion tool to access this information is also available.
What makes clinical psychology different?
How are clinical and non-clinical psychology different? Clinical psychology involves working directly with human subjects and requires licensure. Non-clinical psychology draws on insights and knowledge from psychology, but practitioners do not interact directly with clients.